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hespress.ma ..The lost library of Hernando Columbus

hespress.ma ..The lost library of Hernando Columbus
hespress.ma ..The lost library of Hernando Columbus
Everyone has heard of Christopher Columbus - the famous "admiral" who stumbled across some islands by chance as he left Europe to leave Europe and find a new route to the eastern lands. He did not realize that there was a continent blocking access to his destination. In a few decades, this unexplored land has evolved into a lucrative transatlantic empire for Spain. Columbus had two sons. Hernando was Christopher Columbus' only illegitimate son; Diego Columbus was the explorer's legitimate son. While Diego continued his father's legacy as Governor and Admiral of India, Hernando set himself the goal of becoming a scholar by building the largest collection of printed books in existence.

Cambridge University literature professor Edward Wilson-Lee recently published "The Catalogue of Shipwrecked Books" (2019), which is the only book that details the life of Columbus' second son, Hernando, and his incredible obsession with books. While his father explored the land in search of gold and Christian converts, Hernando explored bookstores to find all the printed books and maps he could find. Its objective was to create a universal library of books that could be shared with Spaniards who were looking for information on all subjects in the world. Hernando's enormous ambition would make his large library the first "database" of information. He continued these books by frequently visiting most bookstores in at least fifteen major European cities and purchased each new book recently printed.

Hernando was born in 1488, which is important because printing had been invented forty years earlier and was first used to print manuscripts in books. He began collecting in 1509 until his death in 1539, which led him to collect all the printed books in the sixty to eighty years following Gutenberg's invention.

Hernando wanted to build his library with all the known printed books, because he wanted to list all the human knowledge in each language and subject. He could not do this monstrous work alone, but paid an army of readers to summarize each book he owned. At the beginning of 2019, a large volume of 2,000 pages had been discovered in Scandinavia entitled "The Book of Epistles" or "The Book of Epitoms", which had disappeared three hundred and fifty years earlier. It summarizes the content of many books and classifies them into a kind of systematic structure. Lee believes that many of the books summarized in this collection no longer exist. Fortunately, however, this shows what Europeans read more than five hundred years ago (Typeroom website, 2 August 2019).

Christopher Columbus' second son is an underrated historical figure who alone bought almost all the books printed since the invention of printing in 1450, from 1509 to 1539, the date of his death. Although little was known about Hernando until Professor Edward Wilson-Lee spoke about his life as a book collector in his recent biography, "The Catalogue of Shipwrecked Books". He acknowledges that Hernando created the original "search engine" of the database with summaries of his many books. According to the author, Hernando "gathered everything he was capable of. Manuscripts, pamphlets, tavern posters - all entered his library. ("The Guardian").

After having walked the streets of Europe for nearly thirty years, explored bookstores and bought all those he had not yet bought, Hernando died, as well as his books. Today, only a quarter of his collection has been stored in the Cathedral of Seville (Spain) since 1552. Many were stolen and others damaged by the floods. Yet this number of books represents an enormous quantity, even in the current volumes of a medium-sized library.

Hernando tried to preserve his father's honour by bringing together a "new world" of many books. While Hernando's father, Christopher, was discovering parts of the new world that Spain soon claimed to belong to an empire, Hernando discovered books that he dreamed would become a learning empire. Although Christopher himself failed to create a lucrative source of wealth for Spain, Hernando's library did not become the source of knowledge, as the Spanish people had hoped. In the end, the Columbus family name disappeared from history.

Source of the article: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Harrington_A_Lackey/1594833



Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/10159590
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